The effect of the 2013 selective two-child policy on female employment in China

Abby Bu


Previous research has shown particularly high life-time childrearing costs for professional women. These costs are a particular problem in developing countries where offsetting government subsidies and regulations are not yet in place.

In 2013, China amended its family planning policy to allow some couples to have a second child. I use this natural experiment to estimate the effect of being allowed to have an extra child on women’s employment.